In vitro effect of the ethanolic extract of tephrosia vogelii. Pdf tephrosia vogelii for control of fleas in freerange poultry. Tephrosia candida white tephrosia pfaf plant database. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. Uses tephrosia vogelii is a small african leguminous tree, which has bacteria associated with its roots that are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen. It is also planted as a windbreak and as a temporary shade crop. Leguminosae is being promoted as a pest control and soil enrichment agent for poorlyresourced smallscale farmers in southern and eastern. Experimental therapeutic assays of tephrosia vogelii against. To investigate the modulating role of methanol extract of tephrosia vogelii leaves on acetylcholine achinduced.
Soft woody branching herb or small tree 14 m tall with dense foliage. It displays a variable habit, from subshrub to shrub, with imparipinnate leaves, axillary or terminal pseudoracemes and long, laterally compressed, dehiscent pods containing many seeds. It slowgrowing, herbaceous, with soft, hairyvelvet leaves, pleasant to touch. Tephrosia vogelii and justicia extensa are two plants whose leaves are particularly used for the catching of fish in. Experimental therapeutic assays of tephrosia vogelii against leishmania major infection in murine model. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs. In vitro oxidative stress regulatory potential of citrullus colocynthis and tephrosia. The plants database includes the following 29 species of tephrosia. Tephrosia vogelii is a plant species chemically characterized by the presence of entomotoxic rotenoids and used widely across africa as a botanical pesticide. Acaricidal activity of tephrosia vogelii extracts on nymph and adult ticks. Analysis of methanolic extracts of foliar parts of t. Journal of food technology in africa african journals online. Icabcs 2018 was held on the 27 to 28 october 2018 at equatorial hotel malacca, malaysia. Tephrosia candida is a deciduous shrub growing to 3 m 9ft by 3 m 9ft at a medium rate.
About 82% of the respondents had heard of tephrosia vogelii as remedy for agricultural pests. The biology of poor seed production in tephrosia vogelii. Journalspaper information american institute of science. Crude extract from leaves of tephrosia vogelii is potentially used to control ticks and worms in the ugandan animal production systems. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. To achieve sustained yields of maize in depleted soils requires regular. Rotenone and deguelin in tephrosia vogelii at several stages. Now validated by science, this lowcost biological acaricide is being promoted by several kenyan organisations, and endorsed by the government. It is widespread in both the eastern and western hemisphere, where it is found in tropical and warmtemperate regions. Biomass production and nutrient accumulation by tephrosia. It is commonly used in agroforestry systems, especially for soil improvement and erosion control. Ecology found in widely varying habitats, including savannahlike vegetation, grassland, forest margins and shrubland, wasteland and fallow fields. Accepted 2 november, 2007 the study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of tephrosia vogelii in controlling ticks on dairy cows among smallscale dairy.
Tephrosia vogelii this is a brief guide to growing and using tephrosia vogelii for soil improvement and pest control on for smallscale farmers and market gardeners. Tephrosia vogelii and lantana camara, have moderate to strong bioactivity. Phytochemical analysis was conducted to establish the presence and abundance of the bioactive principles in this species across three countries in east africa. Tephrosia species tephrosia vogelii name synonyms cracca vogelii hook.
Stems tomentose with short and long white and yellow trichomes, trichomes ca. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. An experiment including planted tephrosia vogelii and tithonia diversifolia fallow. This action sheet is a brief guide to growing and using. In acid soils, it grows much better than leucaena leucocephala, forming root nodules and fixing atmospheric nitrogen where the latter does not. Decomposition rates and nutrient release patterns of tephrosia vogelii and tephrosia candida residues in malawi. Methanol extract of tephrosia vogelii leaves potentiates the. In continuation of our chemical investigation on some medicinal plants of the genus tephrosia, reinvestigation of the methylenechloridemethanol 1. A web site containing information about the flora of zimbabwe. Tephrosia vogelii tepvooverview eppo global database.
Tephrosia vogelii has been used for generations as a pest control material in africa. Tephrosia vogeliiis a small african leguminous tree, which has bacteria associated with its roots that are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen. It does neither suggest that the species can be planted in every ecological zone within that country. Phytochemical analysis of tephrosia vogelii across east. Distinct chemotypes of tephrosia vogelii and implications for. It slowgrowing, herbaceous, with soft, hairyvelvet leaves, pleasant to. Tephrosia vogelii, the vogels tephrosia, fishpoisonbean or vogel tephrosia english, tefrosia. In 1908, it was introduced to java and is now grown and found throughout regions of malesia. Recovery of natural insecticides from tephrosia vogelii. Distribution of rotenone and deguelin in tephrosia vogelii and separation of rotenoidrichfractions norman e. Effects of inter row and intra row spacing of three. Tephrosia affects the nutrient status of the soil through litter fall and green manure and can also contribute substantial amount of nitrogen to the soil. Ethnomedical and veterinary uses of tephrosia vogelii hook f.
Tephrosia candida is a droughttolerant, nitrogenfixing shrub native to south and southeast asia. Pdf utilization of tephrosia vogelii in controlling ticks in dairy. Because of the poison in the leaves and seeds rotenone, goats and other animals usually do not like to graze the trees. Larger doses are lethal to fish, but mammals and amphibians are unaffected. For publication in journals, books or magazines, permission should be obtained from the original photographers with a. Common names fishpoison bean in english vogel tephrosia in english vogels tephrosia in english ayongo in language. Kuntze tephrosia vogelii, the fishpoisonbean or vogel tephrosia english, tefrosia portuguese or barbasco guineano spanish, is a flowering plant species in the genus tephrosia. Tephrosia is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, fabaceae. Tepvo tephrosia vogelii summary of invasiveness top of page. Effect of tephrosia vogelii and justicia extensa on tilapia. In vitro oxidative stress regulatory potential of citrullus. Ethnomedical and veterinary uses of tephrosia vogelii hook f fabaceae. Plants free fulltext phytochemical analysis of tephrosia vogelii. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis.
The use of tephrosia leaf extract as a low cost acaricide is spreading to farmers in. Martin, plant geneticist, and eugenio cabanillas, agricultural research technician, crops research division, agricultural research service summary tephrosia vogelii hook. Plants profile for tephrosia vogelii vogels tephrosia. Wolff2695 rotenone and deguelin were determined by thin layer densitometry in seven varieties of tephrosia vogelii. Constraintson crop production areparticularly acute in africa. The conference objective is to discuss the applied and current development in biology, chemistry and science. Pdf on jan 1, 20, philip stevenson and others published tephrosia vogelii find, read and cite all the research you need on. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams.
Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All photos included on this page can only be used for educational purposes. Distinct chemotypes of tephrosia vogelii and implications for their use in. The record derives from ildis data supplied on 20100714 which reports it as an accepted name record 5085. For publication in journals, books or magazines, permission should be obtained from the original photographers with a copy to eppo. Tephrosia vogelii is a known nitrogenfixing species, cultivated as green manure in indonesia and many other parts of africa. Tephrosia vogelii is a plant species chemically characterized by the presence of entomotoxic rotenoids and. The following summary is from witt and luke 2017 description. It was introduced as a cover crop in tropical america as well as south and southeast asia. The map above shows countries where the species has been planted. Ethanolic extract and phytochemical screening of tephrosia vogelii. This plant flawers well, but sets pods and seeds paarly in. The ethanolic extract was obtained by maceration of 100 g of powder in 500 ml of 96 ethanol in sealed glass vials for seven days.
Health, general beans chemical properties health aspects research usage folk medicine legumes medicine, primitive mimosaceae traditional medicine. Leafy stems of tephrosia vogelii were dried at ambient laboratory temperature and finely powdered. Tephrosia vogelii in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. Bioassays, using guppies as a test animal, were conducted ontephrosia leaf extracts of seven plants obtained by four different extraction methods. Biomass production and nutrient accumulation by tephrosia vogelii hemsley a. The biology of poor seed production in tephrosia vogelii by franklin w. The total rotenoids recovered by acetone extraction of fresh leaves appeared to have slightly more effective piscicidal properties than rotenoids recovered by acetone extraction of ovendried leaves. General information tephrosia vogelii is a soft, woody branching herb or small tree with dense foliage, growing 0. Tephrosia is a perennial leguminous shrub indigenous to uganda. Extract from the leaves of a common african shrub, tephrosia vogelii, has long been used by certain pastoralist communities to protect their cattle against ticks. In subsaharan africa, tephrosia vogelii is a wild growing plant. Action sheet 53 tephrosia vogelii documents pour le. Global dispensary, tephrosia vogelii hook f, report by australian journal of medical herbalism.1065 1405 202 934 24 336 842 6 767 1236 995 271 76 1021 51 245 1410 1226 1103 83 598 1388 545 1118 451 1359 1308 376 327 410 246 376 620 583 1334 780 1161 794 18 432 882 1440 913 769